At our TICAL cadre meeting last week, we watched the “Moonshot Thinking” video from the Google Solve for X project. Visually and mentally engaging, this video will spawn deep conversations among your colleagues. In celebrating creativity that is the hallmark of great leaps of progress in the human race, it challenges educators to face the question of why the creativity of children decreases as they move through our school system.
Resisting my teacher habit of giving a list of questions to start discussions, I invite you to watch the video for yourself, then check the links below. As you do, picture a child you love and imagine how different their life would be if the creativity and motivation to learn of his/her kindergarten self could still be intact when he/she graduates from high school. I am sure you will know how to present this to your colleagues for discussion.
As our elementary school prepared to take the STAR tests this spring, a parent—who, as it happens, is also a former student of mine (sigh!)—stopped in and said, “Hey, whatever happened to the old CTBS test? What’s this STAR thing?” Oh my, did I feel, well, experienced.
At the same time, the question made me realize that we have some parent education to do! Smarter Balanced is on its way and our parents should know what to expect! Here is what I came up with for my parent newsletter. Fellow principals, feel free to cut, paste and mash up for your own purposes. It’s all about collaboration!
Common Core State Standards
California’s state education standards that have been guiding curriculum and instruction for years are being replaced with Common Core State Standards. This new set of standards began development in June 2010 at the request of the Chief State School Officers and the National Governors Association. Now simply known by the shorthand “Common Core,” they represent a change in our expectations of student learning. Keep in mind the 21st Century Skills (see “Getting Parents on Board with the Common Core)—critical thinking, communication, creativity, collaboration—as we explore the Common Core.
We will start off with a comparison of the current California standards to the Common Core. As you consider the contrasts shown in the chart below, think of how the world has change since 1997, the year that the current California standards were adopted. To help ground you, in 1997 the movie Titanic hit the theaters for the first time; Steve Jobs returned to a pre-iPhone Apple; and the new name “Google”was coined for a fledgling search engine that had originally been called BackRub.
Adopted by California in 1997
Adopted by 48 states 2010 – 2012
Purpose to establish content of learning for California students at each grade level
Purpose to prepare students to compete in a competitive global society
Developed by California Department of Education for California to reflect a strong consensus among educators
Developed by educational professionals in 46 states and informed by national and international research, evidence, and standards from countries that are recognized for high-quality education.
Current (albeit 1997) state standards
Built on the strengths and lessons of the current state standards
Each state had its own unique set of standards, varying in content and rigor.
Standards are the same for students in all states that have adopted the CCSS.
Assessments designed by commercial educational testing services
Assessments designed by two consortia; each state choses one. CA has chosen Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC).
Assessments are multiple-choice items based on the California State Standards 1997.
Assessments are “Next Generation Assessments” that assess depth of knowledge by analyzing and synthesizing information, writing essays and applying knowledge.
STAR Test for all students in California in Grades 2 – 12
Smarter Balanced Assessments in Grades 3 – 8 and Grade 11
STAR Results reported 3 months after test.
Smarter Balanced Results reported within several weeks.
STAR testing consumes several days of class time.
Smarter Balanced is expected to take 1 to 2 hours of student time.
In the simplest form, here are key changes in what we expect children to know and do at the end of K- 12 education:
Students must be able to demonstrate these skill “shifts” in English Language Arts/Literacy:
Read as much non-fiction as fiction
Learn about the world by reading
Read more challenging material closely
Discuss reading using evidence
Write non-fiction using evidence
Increase academic vocabulary
And under Common Core math, students must be able to…
When it comes to implementing the Common Core State Standards, we have much to do, not the least of which is parent education. Parent newsletters are one obvious avenue for getting the message out. Here are some topics and ideas that can help you get a head start on next fall’s newsletters. Principals, you are welcome to cut and paste and, of course, contribute your own “open source” musings in the comments!
21st Century Learning
Things are clearly different in our 2013 world, and school is one of those things! The model of schooling that most of us experienced was established in the 19th century and fine-tuned in the 20th century to develop a citizen workforce for the Industrial Revolution. In many ways, the schooling we adults received was based on an assembly line model. As we educate your children, we are not preparing them to work in a factory. The skills they will need in the workforce will be a “blend of content knowledge, specific skills, expertise and literacies”. (Source: Partnership for 21st Century Skills.)
Critical Thinking, Collaboration, Communication, and Creativity
The new basics are critical thinking, collaboration, communication, and creativity. In fact, at our school, we add a fifth “C” to this: conservation. Let’s review what these skills are and think about how we may already see them being developed in our school.
Critical Thinking requires one to reason effectively, solve problems, make judgments and decisions. We scaffold our students’ opportunities to think critically and provide a foundation upon which to base their thinking. (Hint – our “Character Counts” program)
Collaboration is the ability to work effectively and respectfully with diverse teams, to be flexible and able to compromise, to assume shared responsibility for collaborative work, and to value the individual contributions of each team member. (Hint – Parent-Teacher Committees, Fundraising Drives)
Communication is the ability to express ideas clearly in a variety of ways—written, spoken, drawn, built, acted out—and to receive ideas from others by effective listening, watching, and questioning. (Hint – Reading and Writing for sure, but also Art, Music, Tech)
Creativity not only means having new ideas. It is the ability to elaborate or refine the ideas of others and to be open to new ideas and possibilities. (Hint – PTA Meetings, Science Night)
Conservation means that our students will take individual and collective action towards addressing environmental challenges. (Hint – our school Green Team!)
We’re helpers. We’re on the lookout for problems and want to fix them. We love the idea that we have many interventions to choose among and that applying the appropriate one at the right time can put a student on the path to strong literacy. That’s what RTI’s all about, after all.
Unfortunately, knowing something’s wrong is the easy part. Isolating and fixing the problem is a much bigger challenge, and the “guess and check” strategies of the past have often failed to meet it.
Today, the good news is that technology can help us in ways that we could only dream about a few years ago. We have many research-based software programs available that have been designed to assess, coach online and suggest teacher-directed interventions before re-assessing and planning the next step. Used as intended and given the time to do what they’re designed to do, these programs can yield excellent results.
One example that we use at Lupin Hill is the Imagination Station—or “istation.” It’s user friendly and very effective for all of our elementary students. You can watch a two-minute video about the product or read a short newspaper article about our school’s experience.
Click comments below to share what’s helping you with RTI at your site!